Article 16 In English | Article 16 Of Indian Constitution In English | What is Article 16

In this Post, You know about Article 16 Of Indian Constitution In English. If you do not know about what is Article 16, then this post you will give you complete information about that Indian Constitution Article.

Articles are given in our Indian Constitution, in which one mark has been given to each provision where article 16 has also been told in the india constitution. Every person of India must have know about the Indian Constitution Articles.

Article 16 Of Indian Constitution In English

Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
(1) There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State
(2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect or, any employment or office under the State
(3) Nothing in this article shall prevent Parliament from making any law prescribing, in regard to a class or classes of employment or appointment to an office under the Government of, or any local or other authority within, a State or Union territory, any requirement as to residence within that State or Union territory prior to such employment or appointment.

(4) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favor of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the State
(5) Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any law which provides that the incumbent of an office in connection with the affairs of any religious or denominational institution or any member of the governing body thereof shall be a person professing a particular religion or belonging to a particular denomination.

indian constitution part 3 articles

Article 16 In English

16 Article – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State
2 – No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect or, any employment or office under the State
3 – Nothing in this article shall prevent Parliament from making any law prescribing, in regard to a class or classes of employment or appointment to an office under the Government of, or any local or other authority within, a State or Union territory, any requirement as to residence within that State or Union territory prior to such employment or appointment.

Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.

What Is Article 16 Of Indian Constitution?

Article 16 Debate Summary

Draft Article 10 (Article 16) was debated on 30th November 1948. It provided for equality of opportunity in all government employment. It stated that no citizen can be discriminated on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, or residence for governement employment.

It also allowed the State to make reservations in public employment for citizens from any backward class. While some members wanted a residence criterion for employment in a state government, others didn’t want any such restrictions.

Arguments in favour of the residence criteria claimed that only natives of a particular state could efficiently discharge their duties as officers of the state government. The responses to these arguments invoked the idea of common citizenship in the constitution which would be undermined by the residence criteria.

There were three main point of views about having reservations in public employment during the Assembly debate. First was that there must be equality of opportunity for all citizens, i.e. every individual who is qualified for a particular post should freely be able to apply for the post, sit for the examinations and have his qualifications tested. There should be no limitations to this principle.

The Assembly also discussed the use of the term ‘backward class’ in the Draft Article. While some preferred the term due to its generality and ability to encompass a wider range of communities, others argued that the generality of term introduced a sense of vagueness; specific terms like ‘Scheduled Caste’ were better. The Draft Article was adopted with some amendments on 30th November 1948.

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Final Words

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