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Article 168 Of Indian Constitution In English
Article 168 – Constitution of Legislatures in States.
(1) For every State there shall be a Legislature which shall consist of the Governor, and.
(a) in the States of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh, two houses:
(b) in other States, one House.
(2) Where there are two Houses of the Legislature of a State, one shall be known as the Legislative Council and the other as the Legislative Assembly, and where there is only one House, it shall be known as the Legislative Assembly.
Article 168 In English
168 Article – Constitution of Legislatures in the States.
(1) There shall be a Legislature for every State consisting of a Governor, and.
(a) in the States of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh, two Houses:
(b) In other states, one House.
(2) Where the Legislature of a State consists of two Houses, one shall be known as the Legislative Council and the other as the Legislative Assembly, and where there is only one House, it shall be known as the Legislative Assembly.
Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.
What Is Article 168 Of Indian Constitution?
Article 168 Debate Summary
Draft Article 148 (Article 168) was debated on 6 January 1949. It laid down the composition of the State Legislature. A member proposed that clause (1) be replaced entirely with the intention that the State Legislatures may be changed at the request of the State concerned. He argued that a bicameral legislature at the state level was unnecessary, and served more as a ‘delay engine’ rather than helping to reflect popular opinion on important questions of law.
One member agreed to this, arguing that the other houses were used by vesting. interests to take their toll, and that many modern democracies were now unicameral. The Assembly rejected the amendment, with one member saying it was the only way to ensure that minorities were adequately represented in governance. Another member pointed out that the draft Article 304 (Article 368) had already allowed states to initiate proceedings to dissolve the second house.
The members of Orissa and Madras proposed amendments to clause (1) to allow their states to have two houses. The chairman of the drafting committee proposed his own amendment to include the states of Madras, Bombay, West Bengal, United Provinces, Bihar and East Punjab.
He said it was based on the result of deliberations between the states’ representatives, and that only those states that had agreed to a second house were included in the amendment. Except for the one proposed by the chairman of the drafting committee, all the proposed amendments were rejected. The revised draft Article 168 was adopted on 6 January 1949.
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