Article 171 In English | Article 171 Of Indian Constitution In English | What Is Article 171

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Article 171 Of Indian Constitution In English

Article 171 – Composition of the Legislative Councils.
(1) The total number of members in the Legislative Council of a State having such a Council shall not exceed one third of the total number of members in the Legislative Assembly of that State: Provided that the total number of members in the Legislative Council of a State shall in no case be less than forty.

(2) Until Parliament by law otherwise provides, the composition of the Legislative Council of a State shall be as provided in clause ( 3 ).
(3) Of the total number of members of the Legislative council of a State.
(a) as nearly as may be, one third shall be elected by electorates consisting of members of municipalities, district boards and such other local authorities in the State as Parliament may by law specify;
(b) as nearly as may be, one twelfth shall be elected by electorates consisting of persons residing in the State who have been for at least three years graduates of any university in the territory of India or have been for at least three years in possession of qualifications prescribed by or under any law made by Parliament as equivalent to that of a graduate of any such university;

(c) as nearly as may be, one twelfth shall be elected by electorates consisting of persons who have been for at least three years engaged in teaching in such educational institutions within the State, not lower in standard than that of a secondary school, as may be prescribed by or under any law made by Parliament;
(d) as nearly as may be, one third shall be elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly of the State from amongst persons who are not members of the Assembly;
(e) the remainder shall be nominated by the Governor in accordance with the provisions of clause ( 5 ).

(4) The members to be elected under sub clauses (a), (b) and (c) of clause ( 3 ) shall be chosen in such territorial constituencies as may be prescribed by or under any law made by Parliament, and the election under the said sub clauses and under sub clause (d) of the said clause shall be held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.
(5) The members to be nominated by the Governor under sub clause (e) of clause ( 3 ) shall consist of persons having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of such matters as the following, namely: Literature, science, art, co operative movement and social service.

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Article 171 In English

171 Article – Composition of Legislative Councils.
(1) The total number of members in the Legislative Council of a State having such Council shall not exceed one-third of the total number of members in the Legislative Assembly of that State: Provided that the total number of members in the Legislative Council of a State shall in no case exceed forty. will not decrease.
(2) Unless Parliament by law otherwise provides, the composition of the Legislative Council of a State shall be as provided for in clause (3).
(3) Out of the total number of members of the Legislative Council of a State.
(a) as far as may be, one-third shall be elected by members of the municipalities, district boards and such other local authorities in the State as Parliament may by law specify;
(b) as far as may be, a class XII shall be elected by voters residing in the State, who is a graduate of at least three years of any University in the territory of India or is in possession of at least three years of such University A qualification prescribed by or under any law made by Parliament as equivalent to graduation;
(c) as far as may be, a class XII shall be elected by such electors who are engaged in teaching in such educational institutions within the State not below the standard of a secondary school, as may be made by any law made by Parliament or as may be prescribed thereunder;
(d) as far as may be, one-third to be elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly of the State from amongst persons who are not members of the Legislative Assembly;
(e) the remainder shall be nominated by the Governor in accordance with the provisions of clause (5).
(4) The members to be elected under sub-clauses (a), (b) and (c) of clause (3) shall be elected in such territorial constituencies as may be determined by or under any law made by Parliament, and the election shall be held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote under the said sub-section and sub-section (d) of the said clause.
(5) The members to be nominated by the Governor under sub-section (e) of clause (3) shall include persons having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of matters such as the following, namely: literature, science, art, co-operative movement and social service.

Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.

What Is Article 171 Of Indian Constitution?

Article 171 Debate Summary

Draft Article 150 (Article 171) was debated on 2 June, 30 July and 19 August 1949. It laid down the composition of the State Legislative Councils. The Chairman of the Drafting Committee introduced an amendment to completely replace the draft Article that authorized Parliament to determine the manner and form of composition of seats in State Legislative Councils and the minimum criteria to be a candidate for such seats. went.

He argued that the amendment was necessary because the draft Article reflects a principle that had been previously rejected by the Assembly; Furthermore, the drafting committee has been unable to reach a consensus on the matter. One member objected to allowing Parliament the freedom to determine the composition of the State Legislative Councils.

He proposed an amendment that determined the composition of an electoral college for councils, which was supported by many members. Given these objections, the chairman of the drafting committee proposed a new amendment that defined the electoral college for state legislative councils, although Parliament still retained the power to abolish it with legislation.

Despite some members expressing their dissent, the House accepted the new amendment proposed by the Chairman. Most of the amendments were withdrawn in the new amendment, while others were rejected. The House accepted a minor amendment supported by the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. It adopted the amended draft Article 150 on 19 August 1949.

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