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Article 172 Of Indian Constitution In English
Article 172 – Duration of State Legislatures.
(1) Every Legislative Assembly of every State, unless sooner dissolved, shall continue for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting and no longer and the expiration of the said period of five years shall operate as a dissolution of the Assembly: Provided that the said period may, while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, be extended by Parliament by law for a period not exceeding one year at a time and not extending in any case beyond a period of six months after the Proclamation has ceased to operate.
(2) The Legislative Council of a State shall not be subject to dissolution, but as nearly as possible one-third of the members thereof shall retire as soon as may be on the expiration of every second year in accordance with the provisions made in that behalf by Parliament by law.
Article 172 In English
172 Article – Duration of State Legislatures.
(1) Every Legislative Assembly of every State shall, unless soon dissolved, continue for five years from the date appointed for its first sitting and no longer and the expiration of the said period of five years shall be deemed to be the dissolution of the Assembly. Provided that the said period, while a proclamation of emergency is in operation, may be extended by Parliament by law for a period exceeding one year at a time and in any case for a period of six months after the proclamation of cannot be increased beyond that. ,
(2) The Legislative Council of a State shall not be dissolved, but about one-third of its members shall retire as soon as may be at the end of every second year in accordance with the provisions made therein. Parliament by law.
Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.
What Is Article 172 Of Indian Constitution?
Article 172 Debate Summary
Draft Article 151 (Article 172) was debated on 2 June 1949. In this, the duration of the state legislatures and councils was fixed. A member moved an amendment to insert a proviso to clause (1), allowing Parliament to extend the operation of the Legislative Assembly for one year at a time during the Emergency. He said that this draft is in line with the provisions of Article 68 (Article 83) which applies to Parliament.
In response, another member claimed that it was ‘totally undemocratic’ and could be used as an excuse for the legislatures to remain in power, as they refused to hold elections during such period. can. However, the amendment was accepted by the Assembly. The chairman of the drafting committee introduced an amendment to clause (2), requiring one-third of the members of state legislative councils to retire every two years instead of three. This amendment was accepted without debate. Another amendment was withdrawn. The amended draft article was adopted on 2 June 1949.
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