Article 194 In English | Article 194 Of Indian Constitution In English | What Is Article 194

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Article 194 Of Indian Constitution In English

Article 194 – Powers, privileges, etc, of the House of Legislatures and of the members and committees thereof.
(1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution and to the rules and standing orders regulating the procedure of the Legislature, there shall be freedom of speech in the Legislature of every State.

(2) No member of the Legislature of a State shall be liable to any proceedings in any court in respect of anything said or any vote given by him in the Legislature or any committee thereof, and no person shall be so liable in respect of the publication by or under the authority of a House of such a Legislature of any report, paper, votes or proceedings.

(3) In other respects, the powers, privileges and immunities of a House of the Legislature of a State, and of the members and the committees of a House of such Legislature, shall be such as may from time to time be defined by the Legislature by law, and, until so defined, shall be those of that House and of its members and committees immediately before the coming into force of Section 26 of the Constitution forty fourth Amendment Act, 1978.
(4) The provisions of clauses ( 1 ), ( 2 ) and ( 3 ) shall apply in relation to persons who by virtue of this Constitution have the right to speak in, and otherwise to take part in the proceedings of a House of the Legislature of a State or any committee thereof as they apply in relation to members of that Legislature.

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Article 194 In English

194 Article – Powers, privileges etc. of the House of Legislatures and its members and committees.
(1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution and the rules and standing orders regulating the procedure of the Legislature, there shall be freedom of speech in the Legislature of every State.
(2) No member of the Legislature of a State shall be liable for any proceeding in any court in respect of anything said by him in the Legislature or any committee thereof or any vote given by him and no The person shall not be so liable in respect thereof. Publication of any report, paper, votes or proceedings by or under the authority of either House of such Legislature.
(3) In other cases, the powers, privileges and immunities of the House of the Legislature of a State and of the members and committees of the House of such Legislature shall be such as may from time to time be defined by the Legislature by law, and so long as it is so unless defined, it shall be immediately before the coming into force of section 26 of the Forty-fourth Amendment Act, 1978 of the Constitution of that House and its members and committees.
(4) The provisions of clauses (1), (2) and (3) shall apply in relation to persons who by virtue of this Constitution have the right to speak and otherwise take part in the proceedings of the House. Legislature of a State or any committee thereof as they apply in relation to the members of that Legislature.

Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.

What Is Article 194 Of Indian Constitution?

Article 194 Debate Summary

Draft Article 169 (Article 194) was debated on 3 June 1949 and 16 October 1949. It provided certain privileges and immunities to the members of the State Legislature. A member wanted to amend the draft article to extend the privileges and immunities to persons participating in committees constituted by either House of the State Legislature so that they can act independently and without any reservation in the performance of their duties.

Can you This amendment was accepted without debate. Another member expressed concern about clause (3), which defines immunities similar to those available to members of the House of Commons in the United Kingdom. He pointed out that the UK had an unwritten constitution, and therefore immunities were ‘not systematically collected anywhere’, making it difficult for members to understand their exact scope.

He proposed the formulation of a schedule defining these immunities and privileges. The chairman of the drafting committee argued that defining all available immunities and privileges would be too long to include in the Constitution. The amended draft article was adopted on 3 June 1949. Thereafter, a member of the Drafting Committee proposed to replace clause (3) with the following: ‘In other cases, the privileges, immunities and powers of the House of the Legislature of a State and the members of the House of such Legislature and The number of committees shall be such as may from time to time be defined by the Legislature by law, and shall, until such time as it is defined, be of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and shall, at the commencement of this Constitution, be of members and committees.

A similar amendment to the draft Article 85 (Article 105) on immunities and privileges for Members of Parliament has been accepted, he said. The amendment was accepted without any debate on 16 October 1949.

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