Article 257 In English | Article 257 Of Indian Constitution In English | What Is Article 257

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Articles are given in our Indian Constitution, in which one mark has been given to each provision where article 257 has also been told in the India constitution. Every person of India must have know about the Indian Constitution Articles.

Article 257 Of Indian Constitution In English

Article 257 – Control of the Union over States in certain cases.
(1) The executive power of every State shall be so exercised as not to impede or prejudice the exercise of the executive power of the Union, and the executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of such directions to a State as may appear to the Government of India to be necessary for that purpose.

(2) The executive power of the Union shall also extend to the giving of directions to a State as to the construction and maintenance of means of communication declared in the direction to be of national or military importance: Provided that nothing in this clause shall be taken as restricting the power of Parliament to declare highways or waterways to be national highways or national waterways so declared or the power of the Union to construct and maintain means of communication as part of its functions with respect to naval, military and air force works.

(3) The executive power of the Union shall also extend to the giving of directions to a State as to the measures to be taken for the protection of the railways within the State.
(4) Where in carrying out any direction given to a State under clause ( 2 ) as to the construction or maintenance of any means of communication or under clause ( 3 ) as to the measures to be taken for the protection of any railway, costs have been incurred in excess of those which would have been incurred in the discharge of the normal duties of the State if such direction had not been given, there shall be paid by the Government of India to the State such sum as may be agreed, or, in default of agreement, as may be determined by an arbitrator appointed by the Chief Justice of India, in respect of the extra costs so incurred by the State.

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Article 257 In English

257 Article – The control of the Union over the states in some cases.
(1) The executive power of each State shall be so exercised that the exercise of the executive power of the Union is not precluded or prejudicial, and the executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of such directions to any State as may appear to the Government of India. should be required for that purpose.
(2) The executive power of the Union shall also extend to the giving of directions to the State as to the construction and maintenance of means of communication declared to be of national or military importance: Provided that nothing in this clause shall extend to national highways or waterways or is taken as the power of the Union to restrict the power of Parliament to declare national waterways or to build and maintain means of communication as part of its functions in relation to the functions of the Navy, Military and Air Force.
(3) The executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of directions to the State as to the measures to be taken for the safety of the railways within the State.
(4) Where in carrying out any direction given to any State as to the construction or maintenance of any means of communication or as to the measures to be taken for the safety of any railway under clause (3), the cost incurred in the discharge of the ordinary duties of the State shall, unless so directed, be paid by the Government of India to the State such sum as may be agreed, or, in default of agreement, as may be determined by an arbitrator appointed by the Chief Justice of India, in respect of additional costs incurred by the State.

Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.

What Is Article 257 Of Indian Constitution?

Article 257 Debate Summary

Articles 234 and 234A (Article 257) of the draft were debated on 13 June and 9 September 1949. It gave the Union certain powers over the states. The Chairman of the Drafting Committee proposed the insertion of a new clause and an amendment respectively.

The clause states that the Center will have to compensate the states for any additional costs incurred under its direction. It was added without any objection. The amendment (Article 234A) was about the Railways. It empowered the Center to direct the State to increase policing in any railways that it may require. This was disputed by a member who claimed that the provision was not required as the Center already had sufficient power.

The Chairman clarified that this was necessary because ‘police’ was not a union subject, and that ‘railway police’ was a subject within the jurisdiction of the state. Additionally, he clarified that the focus was on the railways as people had gathered there in large numbers. The draft Article 234 was initially adopted without debate on 13 June 1949. Subsequently, the draft Article (234A) was adopted on 9 September 1949.

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