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Article 334 Of Indian Constitution In English
Article 334 – Reservation of seats and special representation to cease after forty years.
Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this Part, the provisions of Constitution relating to
(a) the reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People and in the Legislative Assemblies of the States; and
(b) the representation of the Anglo Indian community in the House of the People and in the Legislative Assemblies of the States by nomination, shall cease to have effect on the expiration of a period of forty years from the commencement of this Constitution: Provided that nothing in this article shall affect any representation in the House of the People or in the legislative Assembly of a State until the dissolution of the then existing House or Assembly, as the case may be.
Article 334 In English
334 Article – The reservation of seats and special representation will end after forty years.
Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this Part, the provisions of the Constitution
(a) the reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People and the Legislative Assemblies of the States; And
(b) the representation of the Anglo-Indian community by nomination in the House of the People and the Legislative Assemblies of the States, shall not have effect on the expiration of a period of forty years from the commencement of this Constitution: Provided that nothing in this article shall be contained in the House of the People or the Legislative Assembly of a State. shall not affect any representation in the House until the dissolution of the existing House or the Legislative Assembly, as the case may be.
Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.
What Is Article 334 Of Indian Constitution?
Article 334 Debate Summary
Draft Article 295A (Article 334 1950 of the Constitution of India) The draft constitution was absent in 1948. The Chairman of the Drafting Committee introduced this provision on 24 August 1949. The draft article states that reservation for SC/ST will be valid in the Union and State Legislatures. For a period of 10 years after the coming into force of the Constitution.
A group of members were not comfortable with the time limit for the reservation. They were unsure whether 10 years was enough to bring SC/ST communities to the level of other classes. One member wanted the draft article to clearly make it clear that the time limit should not apply if the SC/ST community has not been adequately uplifted. Another member wanted to remove the time limit altogether. Yet another member wanted to give the Parliament the power to change the time limit as he deems fit.
The chairman of the drafting committee acknowledged that he preferred a longer deadline. However, he suggested that the assembly should accept 10 years for now. He argued that if the SC/ST community was not empowered in 10 years, the community would find new ways to ensure that their reservation benefits continued. The Chairman further said that Parliament should not be given the power to change the time limit: such a change should be made through a constitutional amendment.
With the intervention of the Chairman, it appeared that the House was in confidence and all the above motions were either rejected or withdrawn. However, the assembly accepted two amendments. The first said that the time limit would not affect the composition of the existing legislative assemblies and the second brought Anglo-Indian reservation within the ambit of this draft article.
The Assembly adopted the draft Article with these amendments on 25 August 1949. Article 334 was later amended through the Constitution in 2019 to extend the time limit.
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