Article 343 In English | Article 343 Of Indian Constitution In English | What Is Article 343

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Article 343 Of Indian Constitution In English

Article 343 – Official language of the Union.
(1) The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.

(2) Notwithstanding anything in clause ( 1 ), for a period of fifteen years from the commencement of this Constitution, the English language shall continue to be used for all the official purposes of the Union for which it was being used immediately before such commencement: Provided that the president may, during the said period, by order authorise the use of the Hindi language in addition to the English language and of the Devanagari form of numerals in addition to the international form of Indian numerals for any of the official purposes of the Union.
(3) Notwithstanding anything in this article, Parliament may by law provide for the use, after the said period of fifteen years, of
(a) the English language, or
(b) the Devanagari form of numerals, for such purposes as may be specified in the law.

Indian Constitution part 17 articles

Article 343 In English

343 Article – Official language of the Union.
(1) The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (1), for a period of fifteen years from the commencement of this Constitution, the English language shall continue to be used for all official purposes of the Union for which it shall be used immediately from such commencement. was being done earlier. Provided that the President may, during the said period, by order, authorize for any official purpose the use of the Hindi language other than the English language and the international form of Indian numerals other than the Devanagari form of numerals. organization.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in this article, Parliament may by law provide for the use of
(a) the English language, or
(b) the Devanagari form of numerals, for such purposes as may be specified in the law.

Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.

What Is Article 343 Of Indian Constitution?

Article 343 Debate Summary

Draft Article 301A The draft Constitution of India was absent in 1948. A member of the drafting committee introduced this provision on 12 September 1949. The draft article, popularly known as the ‘Munshi-Iyengar Formula’, declared, among other things, in Hindi. The use of the Devanagari script as the official language of the Union and the international form of Indian numerals for official purposes. It was discussed in the Legislative Assembly on 12, 13 and 14 September 1949.

Members who opposed Hindi as an official language, reluctantly accepted the draft article, but insisted that no language could be imposed on India, it was only enshrined in the Constitution. There were members who were still determined to remove Hindi – an amendment was introduced to replace it with Hindustani.

The adoption of Hindi as the official language in the draft article was a major concession to the ‘Hindi-wallas’ in the Assembly. However, he was still not happy with the provision, criticized it, strategized outside the assembly and introduced amendments. At first he felt that if the Devanagari script has been adopted, then why was the Devanagari system of numerals not adopted? Second, they were concerned that the draft article allowed too much time for Hindi to be substituted for English – they wanted the replacement to be too quick.

In the end, after much back-and-forth pushback, the Hindi-dwellers put forward a bunch of amendments. The Assembly adopted one of these amendments: Parliament could, in addition to English, make laws on civil numerals. This effectively empowered the Parliament to approve the use of Devanagari numerals even before a period of 15 years. The Assembly adopted the draft Article with amendments on 14 September 1949.

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