Article 344 In English | Article 344 Of Indian Constitution In English | What Is Article 344

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Article 344 Of Indian Constitution In English

Article 344 – Commission and Committee of Parliament on official language.
(1) The President shall, at the expiration of five years from the commencement of this Constitution and thereafter at the expiration of ten years from such commencement, by order constitute a Commission which shall consist of a Chairman and such other members representing the different languages specified in the English Schedule as the President may appoint, and the order shall define the procedure to be followed by the Commission.

(2) It shall be the duty of the Commission to make recommendations to the President as to
(a) the progressive use of the Hindi language for the official purposes of the Union;
(b) restrictions on the use of the English language for all or any of the official purposes of the Union;
(c) the language to be used for all or any of the purposes mentioned in Article 348;
(d) the form of numerals to be used for any one or more specified purposes of the Union;
(e) any other matter referred to the Commission by the President as regards the official language of the Union and the language for communication between the Union and a State or between one State and another and their use.
(3) In making their recommendations under clause ( 2 ), the Commission shall have due regard to the industrial, cultural and scientific advancement of India, and the jut claims and the interests of persons belonging to the non Hindi speaking areas in regard to the public services.

(4) There shall be constituted a Committee consisting of thirty members, of whom twenty shall be members of the House of the People and ten shall be members of the Council of States to be elected respectively by the members of the House of the People and the members of the council of States in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.
(5) It shall be the duty of the Committee to examine the recommendations of the Commission constituted under clause ( 1 ) and to report to the President their opinion thereon.
(6) Notwithstanding anything in Article 343, the President may, after consideration of the report referred to in clause ( 5 ), issue directions in accordance with the whole or any part of that report CHAPTER II REGIONAL LANGUAGES.

Indian Constitution part 17 articles

Article 344 In English

344 Article – Commission and Committee of Parliament on Official Language.
(1) The President shall, on the expiration of five years from the commencement of this Constitution and thereafter on the expiration of ten years from such commencement, by order constitute a Commission consisting of a Chairperson and such other members representing different languages ​​as English As specified in the Schedule, the President may appoint, and the order shall define the procedure to be followed by the Commission.
(2) It shall be the duty of the Commission to make recommendations to the President as to:
(a) the progressive use of the Hindi language for the official purposes of the Union;
(b) a ban on the use of the English language for all or any of the official purposes of the Union;
(c) the language used for all or any of the purposes referred to in article 348;
(d) the form of the numerals to be used for any one or more specified purposes of the Union;
(e) any other matter referred to the Commission by the President in relation to the official language of the Union and the languages ​​and their use for communication between the Union and one State or between one State and another.
(3) In making its recommendations under clause (2), the Commission shall have due regard to the industrial, cultural and scientific progress of India and the judicial claims and interests of persons belonging to non-Hindi speaking areas. public services.
(4) There shall be constituted a Committee consisting of thirty members, of whom twenty shall be members of the House of the People and ten shall be members of the Council of States, to be elected respectively by the members of the House of the People and shall be elected by the States in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. member of the council.
(5) It shall be the duty of the Committee to examine the recommendations of the Commission constituted under clause (1) and to report its opinion to the President.
(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in article 343, the President may, after considering the report referred to in clause (5), issue Chapter II regional languages ​​directions in accordance with the whole or any part of that report.

Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.

What Is Article 344 Of Indian Constitution?

Article 344 Debate Summary

Draft Article 301B (Article 344 of the Constitution of India 1950) was absent in the draft Constitution 1948. A member of the drafting committee introduced this provision on 12 September 1949. The draft article established a mechanism to evaluate the use of India’s official language. The President shall appoint a commission from time to time with members representing different languages ​​to evaluate the use of Hindi and English as the official languages ​​of the Union. This commission will then make recommendations to a committee consisting of Members of Parliament which will examine the recommendations and submit a report to the President. The President is empowered to issue directions on the basis of the report. This provision was discussed on 12, 13 and 14 September 1949.

A member proposed that the commission should be appointed by the President five years before the commencement of the Constitution. This was to ensure that the Commission could make its recommendations before the expiry of the period of 5 years. Besides this, he also suggested that the committee comprising legislators should be empowered to add their recommendations to the report submitted to the President.

Another member proposed an alternative mechanism consisting of only a committee consisting of members of parliament that would make recommendations to the President. This committee will be constituted within 3 months of the coming into force of the constitution. The President will place the recommendations before the Parliament along with an explanation of the action to be taken. The House rejected these amendments without adequate debate. The draft Article 301B was adopted on 14 September 1949.

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