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Article 345 Of Indian Constitution In English
Article 345 – Official language or languages of a State.
Subject to the provisions of Article 346 and 347, the Legislature of a State may by law adopt any one or more of the languages in use in the State or Hindi as the language or languages to be used for all or any of the official purposes of that State: Provided that, until the Legislature of the State otherwise provides by law, the English language shall continue to be used for those official purposes within the State for which it was being used immediately before the commencement of this Constitution.
Article 345 In English
345 Article – The official language or language of a state.
Subject to the provisions of Articles 346 and 347, the Legislature of a State shall by law declare any one or more of the languages in use in the State or Hindi as a language or language to be used for all or any of the official purposes. as can be adopted. That State: Provided that, unless the Legislature of the State by law otherwise provides, the English language shall continue to be used within the State for the official purposes for which it was used immediately before the commencement of this Constitution. Had been.
Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.
What Is Article 345 Of Indian Constitution?
Article 345 Debate Summary
Draft Article 301C (Article 345 1950 of the Constitution of India) The draft constitution was absent in 1948. A member of the drafting committee introduced this provision on 12 September 1949.
The draft Article empowered the states to determine their official language based on the languages used in the respective state. In the absence of a law deciding the official language, English would be considered the default language for official purposes.
On 13 September 1949, a member introduced an amendment, which ensured that there was no change in the medium of instruction of a state university or a language officially recognized by the courts of a province without parliamentary approval. He argued that changing the official language overnight would cause unnecessary and unavoidable hardship to many.
The next day, another member argued against the use of English as a language for official purposes in the states. He introduced an amendment that changed the draft article by saying that states would continue to use the language used for official purposes within the state until the state passed a law to change it to English. He felt it was unnecessary for a state to pass a law to accept a language it was already using.
The first amendment was withdrawn and the second was rejected by the assembly. The draft article was adopted on 14 September 1949 without any amendments.
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