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Article 354 Of Indian Constitution In English
Article 354 – Application of provisions relating to distribution of revenues while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation.
(l) The President may, while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, by order direct that all or any of the provisions of Articles 268 to 279 shall for such period, not extending in any case beyond the expiration of the financial year in which such Proclamation ceases to operate, as may be specific in the order, have effect subject to such exceptions or modifications as he thinks fit.
(2) Every order made under clause (l) shall, as soon as may be after it is made, be laid before each House of Parliament.
Article 354 In English
354 Article – To implement the provisions relating to the distribution of revenue during the proclamation of emergency.
(l) the President, while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, may, by order, direct that all or any of the provisions of articles 268 to 279 shall be for a period which shall in no case extend beyond the end of the financial year, in which such proclamation ceases to function, as may be specified in the order, subject to such exceptions or modifications as it thinks fit.
(2) Every order made under clause (1) shall, as soon as may be after it is made, be laid before each House of Parliament.
Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.
What Is Article 354 Of Indian Constitution?
Article 354 Debate Summary
The draft Article 277 (Article 354) of the Constitution of India was discussed in the Legislative Assembly on 19 and 20 August 1949. It empowered the President to temporarily modify the financial relations between the Union and the States.
Some members feared that the draft Article put the states at financial risk. The President can pass orders which can affect the financial obligations of the states, planned expenditure and induce financial hardship. Other members were concerned about the broad powers and discretion of the President under the Article.
A drafting committee member addressed these concerns by reminding the House that presidential orders were only temporary: the president could not make permanent changes to the financial relationship between the Union and the states. The Chairman of the Drafting Committee assured the Assembly that the President’s order would be appropriate, measured. and suitable for the current conditions.
In any case, the chairman of the drafting committee introduced an amendment at the start of the debate that required Parliament to approve the President’s orders. He felt that the financial system of the Union-State should not be left to the discretion of the President without any parliamentary oversight. It appears that some members were concerned that the draft article had given additional powers to the President.
The House accepted the Chairman’s amendment and rejected the others. The draft article was adopted with amendments on 20 August 1949.
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