Article 366 In English | Article 366 Of Indian Constitution In English | What Is Article 366

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Article 366 Of Indian Constitution In English

Article 366 – Definition.
In this Constitution, unless the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have l, the meanings hereby respectively assigned to them, that is to say.
(1) agricultural income means agricultural income as defined for the purposes of the enactments relating to Indian income tax;
(2) an Anglo Indian means a person whose father or any of whose other male progenitors in the male line is or was of European descent but who is domiciled within the territory of India and is or was born within such territory of parents habitually resident therein and not established there for temporary purposes only;
(3) article means an article of this Constitution;

(4) borrow includes the raising of money by the grant of annuities, and loan shall be construed accordingly;
(5) clause means a clause of the article in which the expression occurs;
(6) corporation tax means any tax on income, so far as that tax is payable by companies and is a tax in the case of which the following conditions are fulfilled:
(a) that it is not chargeable in respect of agricultural income;
(b) that no deduction in respect of the tax paid by companies is, by any enactments which may apply to the tax, authorised to be made from dividends payable by the companies to individuals;
(c) that no provision exists for taking the tax so paid into account in computing for the purposes of Indian income tax the total income of individuals receiving such dividends, or in computing the Indian income tax payable by, or refundable to, such individuals;

(7) corresponding Province, corresponding Indian State or corresponding State means in cases of doubt such Province, Indian State or State as may be determined by the President to be the corresponding Province, the corresponding Indian State or the corresponding State, as the case may be, for the particular purpose in question;
(8) debt includes any liability in respect of any obligation to repay capital sums by way of annuity and any liability under any guarantee, and debt charges shall be construed accordingly;
(9) estate duty means a duty to be assessed on or by reference to the principal value, ascertained in accordance with such rules as may be prescribed by or under laws made by Parliament or the Legislature of a State relating to the duty, of all property passing upon death or deemed, under the provisions of the said laws, so to pass;
(10) existing law means any law, Ordinance, order, bye law, rule or regulation passed or made before the commencement of this Constitution by any Legislature, authority or person having power to make such a law, Ordinance, order, bye law, rule or regulation;
(11) Federal Court means the Federal Court constituted under the Government of India Act, 1935 ;
(12) goods includes all materials, commodities, and articles;

(13) guarantee includes any obligation undertaken before the commencement of this Constitution to make payments in the event of the profits of an undertaking falling short of a specified amount;
(14) High Court means any court which is deemed for the purposes of this Constitution to be a High Court for any State and includes
(a) any Court in the territory of India constituted or reconstituted under this Constitution as a High Court, and
(b) any other Court in the territory of India which may be declared by Parliament by law to be a High Court for all or any of the purposes of this Constitution;
(15) Indian State means any territory which the Government of the Dominion of India recognised as such a State;
(16) Part means a part of this Constitution;
(17) pension means a pension, whether contributory or not, of any kind whatsoever payable to or in respect of any person, and includes retired pay so payable, a gratuity so payable and any sum or sums so payable by way of the return, with or without interest thereon or any other addition thereto, of subscriptions to a provident fund;
(18) Proclamation of Emergency means a Proclamation issued under clause ( 1 ) of Article 352;
(19) public notification means a notification in the Gazette of India, or, as the case may be, the Official Gazette of a State;

(20) railway does not include
(a) a tramway wholly within a municipal area, or
(b) any other line of communication wholly situate in one State and declared by Parliament by law not to be a railway;
(22) Ruler means the Prince, Chief or other person who, at any time before the commencement of the Constitution (Twenty sixth Amendment) Act, 1971 , was recognised by the President as the Ruler of an Indian State or any person who, at any time before such commencement, was recognised by the President as the successor of such Ruler;
(23) Schedule means a Schedule to this Constitution;
(24) Scheduled Castes means such cases, races or tribes or parts of or groups within such castes, races or tribes as are deemed under Article 341 to be Scheduled Castes for the purposes of this Constitution;
(25) Scheduled Tribes means such tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article 342 to be Scheduled Tribes for the purposes of this Constitution;
(26) securities includes stock;

(27) sub clause means a sub clause of the clause in which the expression occurs;
(28) taxation includes the imposition of any tax or impost, whether general or local or special, and tax shall be construed accordingly;
(29) tax on income includes a tax in the nature of an excess profits tax;
(29A) tax on the sale or purchase of goods includes
(a) a tax on the transfer, otherwise than in pursuance of a contact, of property in any goods for cash, deferred payment or other valuable consideration;
(b) a tax on the transfer of property in goods (whether as goods or in some other form) invoked in the execution of a works contract;
(c) a tax on the delivery of goods on hire purchase or any system of payment by instalments;
(d) a tax on the transfer of the right to use any goods for any purpose (whether or not for a specified period) for cash, deferred payment or other valuable consideration;
(e) a tax on the supply of goods by any unincorporated association or body of persons to a member thereof for cash, deferred payment or other valuable consideration;
(f) a tax on the supply, by way of or as part of any service or in any other manner whatsoever, of goods, being food or any other article for human consumption or any drink (whether or not intoxicating), where such supply or service, is for cash, deferred payment or other valuable consideration, and such transfer, delivery or supply of any goods shall be deemed to be a sale of those goods by the person making the transfer, delivery or supply and a purchase of those goods by the person to whom such transfer, delivery or supply is made;
(30) Union territory means any Union territory specified in the First Schedule and includes any other territory comprised within the territory of India but not specified in that Schedule.

Indian Constitution part 19 articles

Article 366 In English

366 Article – definition.
In this Constitution, unless the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have the meanings respectively assigned to them, namely:
(1) agricultural income means agricultural income as defined for the purposes of the Acts relating to the Indian income-tax;
(2) An Anglo-Indian means a person whose father or other male ancestor of male ancestry is or was of European descent, but who is domiciled within the territory of India and is born or bred in such territory of the parents those who reside there. and is not installed there only for temporary purposes;
(3) Article means an article of this Constitution;
(4) Borrowing shall include raising money by grant of annuity, and the loan shall be deemed to be therein;
(5) clause means a clause of the article in which the expression occurs;
(6) Corporation tax means any tax on income in so far as that tax is payable by companies and is a tax in which the following conditions are satisfied:
(a) that it is not chargeable in respect of agricultural income;
(b) any deduction in respect of tax paid by companies authorized to be made by any Act, which may apply to tax, from dividends payable by companies to persons;
(c) any provision exists to take into account the tax so paid in computing the total income of persons receiving such dividend for the purposes of Indian income-tax, or in computing the Indian income-tax payable or refundable by such persons; Not there;
(7) Corresponding Province, the corresponding Indian State or the corresponding State shall, in cases of doubt, mean such Province, Indian State or State as may be determined by the President to be the concerned Province, the Indian State concerned or the State concerned, as the case may be. can go. be for the particular purpose in question;
(8) the debt includes any liability in respect of an obligation to repay capital sums by way of annuity and any liability under any guarantee, and the loan fee shall be levied accordingly;
(9) property duty means a duty assessed on or with reference to the original value, determined in accordance with such rules as may be prescribed under laws made by Parliament or the Legislature of a State, all death or property deemed to be so passed under the provisions of the said laws relating to the duty of;
(10) “existing law” means any law, ordinance, order, bye-law, rule or regulation made before the commencement of this Constitution by any Legislature, authority or person with power to make such law, ordinance, order, bye-law any rule or regulation passed or made by the person holding it;
(11) Federal Court means the Federal Court constituted under the Government of India Act, 1935;
(12) goods include all materials, articles and articles;
(13) guarantee includes any obligation made before the commencement of this Constitution to pay in case the profits of an undertaking are less than a specified sum;
(14) High Court means any court which for the purposes of this Constitution is deemed to be a High Court for any State and includes
(a) any court in the territory of India constituted or reconstituted as a High Court under this Constitution, and
(b) any other court in the territory of India which may by law be declared by Parliament to be a High Court for all or any of the purposes of this Constitution;
(15) Indian State means any territory recognized as such State by the Government of the Dominion of India;
(16) “Part” means a part of this Constitution;
(17) pension means pension, whether contributory or not, payable to any person or in relation to any person, and includes retired salary payable, gratuity payable and any sum or sum payable by way of return, Contribution to provident fund with or without interest thereon or any other addition thereto;
(18) a proclamation of emergency means a proclamation issued under clause (1) of article 352;
(19) public notification means a notification in the Gazette of India, or, as the case may be, the Gazette of any State;

(20) Not included in Railways
(a) a tramway wholly within a municipal area, or
(b) any other line of communication situated wholly in a State and not being a railway declared by Parliament by law;
(22) Ruler means a prince, head or other person recognized by the President as the ruler of an Indian State at any time before the commencement of the Constitution (Twenty-sixth Amendment) Act, 1971, or any person was, at any time before such commencement, recognized by the President as the successor of such ruler;
(23) Schedule means the Schedule to this Constitution;
(24) Scheduled Castes means such cases, races or tribes or parts or groups of such castes, races or tribes which for the purposes of this Constitution are deemed to be Scheduled Castes under article 341;
(25) Scheduled Tribes means such tribes or tribal communities or parts or groups of such tribes or tribal communities which are for the purposes of this Constitution deemed to be Scheduled Tribes under article 342;
(26) securities include stock;
(27) sub-clause means a sub-section of the clause in which the expression occurs;
(28) taxation shall include the imposition of any tax or levy, whether general or local or special, and the tax shall be construed accordingly;
(29) tax on income includes tax in the nature of additional profit tax;
(29A) tax on sale or purchase of goods includes
(a) a tax on the transfer, other than pursuant to the exposure of the property in any goods, for cash, deferred payment or other valuable consideration;
(b) a tax on the transfer of property in goods (whether in the form of goods or in any other form) levied in the performance of a works contract;
(c) tax on delivery of goods by hire purchase or on any system of payment by installments;
(d) tax on the transfer of the right to use any goods for any purpose (whether for a specified period or not) for cash, deferred payment or other valuable consideration;
(e) tax on the supply of goods by an unincorporated association or body of persons to any member thereof for cash, deferred payment or other valuable consideration;
(f) tax on the supply, as part of any service or in any other manner, of goods, food or any other article for human consumption or any drink (whether intoxicating or not), where such supply or service, in cash , deferred payment or other valuable consideration, and such transfer, delivery or supply of any goods shall be deemed to be the sale of those goods by the person making the transfer, distribution or supply and purchase of those goods. by the person to whom such transfer, delivery or supply is made;
(30) Union territory means any Union territory specified in the First Schedule and includes any other territory included in the territory of India but not specified in that Schedule.

Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.

What Is Article 366 Of Indian Constitution?

Article 366 Debate Summary

The draft Article 303 (1) (Article 366 of the Constitution of India, 1950) was discussed in the Constituent Assembly on 16 September, 17 September and 14 October 1949. The draft Article 303(1) was effectively a glossary of the draft Constitution. It defined important terms like ‘Scheduled Caste’, ‘Scheduled Tribe’, ‘Anglo Indian’, ‘Agricultural Income’ and ‘Existing Law’.

The members of the Drafting Committee introduced several amendments which were accepted by the Assembly without any significant discussion.

A drafting committee member’s amendment to the definition of ‘ruler’ triggered a minor discussion within the assembly about who should be considered the ruler of the state. This question was important because the Constitution contained provisions relating to privileges (such as the privy purse) to which only the rulers were entitled.

Amendments to a member of the drafting committee allowed the president to recognize a ruler and a successor to the ruler. One member suggested that a successor would automatically become the ruler and, therefore, did not need to be specifically recognized by the President. The member of the drafting committee responded that it was necessary to specifically identify a successor to ensure that privileges were passed from a ruler to a suitable successor.

The draft article was adopted on 17 September 1949 as an amendment to the constitution.

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