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Article 54 Of Indian Constitution In English
Article 54 – Election of President.
The President shall be elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both Houses of Parliament; and the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States.
Article 54 In English
54 Article – Presidential election.
The President shall be elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of elected members of both the Houses of Parliament; and elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States.
Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.
What Is Article 54 Of Indian Constitution?
Article 54 Debate Summary
The Constituent Assembly debated the draft Article 43 (Article 54, Constitution of India, 1950) on 10 and 13 December 1948. The draft Article provides for the President to be elected by an electoral college consisting of members and elected members of both the Houses of Parliament. State Legislature. The main debate on draft Article 43 revolves around amending the presidential election based on adult suffrage; The member who introduced the amendment opposed the draft article for not adequately representing the will of the people.
In defense of his proposal, he argued that direct elections were inevitable to ensure that the president was the true representative of the people’s collective sovereignty. He argued that his amendment took care not to make the President a ‘creature of the party majority’ and saved the President from ‘the vicissitudes of parliamentary fortunes’. There was strong opposition to this proposal.
One member noted that ‘adult citizens’ would also allow those Indian citizens who were disqualified from voting in general elections to participate in the presidential election. Furthermore, it would be inconsistent with the parliamentary form of government which ‘presumes responsible government’. The government is delegated to the elected representatives, not the citizens themselves. Another member argued that direct elections would make the president a ‘party man’: he would be supported by a political party because direct elections would require active campaigning for votes.
It was further pointed out that the President was not the ‘true sovereign’: he was like the King of England. The Chairman of the Drafting Committee responded to the proposal and highlighted its practical difficulties. First, he said the size of the electorate was huge and that it would make it extremely difficult to conduct an adult suffrage-based presidential election.
Second, direct elections would raise a number of administrative issues, including inadequate informal polling staff, bribery, corruption and electoral manipulation. Third, since the President was ‘only a head’ in the Indian Constitution, elections on the basis of adult suffrage are not required. The assembly rejected the motion and adopted the draft article with minor modifications.
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