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Article 60 Of Indian Constitution In English
Article 60 – Oath or affirmation by the President.
Every President and every person acting as President or discharging the functions of the President shall, before entering upon his office, make and subscribe in the presence of the Chief Justice of India or, in his absence, the senior most Judge of the Supreme Court available, an oath or affirmation in the following form, that is to say swear in the name of God I, A B, do that I olemnly affirm will faithfully execute the office of President (or discharge the functions of thePresident) of India and will do the best of my ability preserve, protect and defend the Constitution and the law and that I will devote myself to the service and well being of the people of India.
Article 60 In English
60 Article – Oath or affirmation by the President.
Every President and every person acting as President or discharging the functions of the President shall, before entering upon his office, in the presence of the Chief Justice of India or in his absence, the senior-most Judge of the Supreme Court available Will subscribe to and will subscribe to. , an oath or affirmation in the following form, that is to say, taking an oath in the name of God I, A B, I solemnly affirm that I will faithfully perform the office of the President of India (or discharge the functions of the President) and do my best To defend, defend and defend the Constitution and the law to the best of my ability and I will dedicate myself to the service and well being of the people of India.
Note- All the things mentioned in this have been taken from the Indian Constitution itself. That is, it is the word of the constitution.
What Is Article 60 Of Indian Constitution?
Article 60 Debate Summary
The Constituent Assembly debated the draft Article 49 (Article 60, Constitution of India, 1950) on 27 December 1948. It gives the oath or affirmation to be taken by the President before entering into his office. A member wanted to explicitly mention ‘God’ in the oath. He was concerned with the lack of invocation of ‘God’s grace and blessings’ in the Constitution.
Indian religious and spiritual heritage has attached special importance to God: every religion, including Hinduism, Christianity, Islam and Sikhism, invokes God in religious texts and ceremonies. He said that the Constitution is sacred and it should be offered to God. In protest, one member argued that the amendment would exclude ‘those who have no faith in God at all’.
He said the amendment would create “an obligation on the people” that they should have faith in God. Another member also passed a similar amendment. However, in his proposal the ‘agnostics’ were given the option of not invoking God and only ‘verifyingly affirmed’. He argued that the amendment protected an individual’s freedom of faith. The mention of ‘God’ in the oath does not affect the ‘secularism’ of the Indian state. Furthermore, when a person has taken the oath, they do so in their personal capacity, not as an official head of state.
He also used British and Irish examples to demonstrate how the invocation of God does not lead to sectarianism. Generally opposing the use of ‘God’ in oaths, one member argued that it was unnecessary to invoke ‘God’ which is omnipresent. Instead, he urged that the oath should be taken in the name of the people of India, as stipulated in the Irish Constitution. There was a proposal to remove the draft article.
The proponent said that the constitution was man-made and incomplete, the name of the perfect God should not be dragged into the constitution. One member put forward a case involving a promise not to promote his own interests and the advancement of the family. He highlighted that the values of the Indian freedom struggle should be extended to real life, not a ‘copy-book maxim’. The chairman of the drafting committee was in support of the inclusion of ‘Bhagwan’.
He believed that this would not lead to any change in the ‘secular’ state. It was pointed out that the oath had no legal obligation; The person taking the oath is bound by his ‘purely moral’ obligations. The President should be at liberty to take oath in the name of God or otherwise. The proposal to include God was accepted. The assembly adopted the draft article on 27 December 1948.
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